To allow for correct adjudication of disputes, the following
basic rules must be observed by all competitors:
match consists of a contest between two persons to a predetermined number
may have time limits predetermined at the start of the tournament.
running score and game score shall be kept by both players.
start and finish times must be noted on each score pad.
winner of the match reports to the tournament director with their score
sheet signed by the opposing player.
- A game
in process when time has expired shall be played to its conclusion. If the
match is tied at the end of the designated time, a tie-breaking game will
a player remove all their pieces before their opponent removes one, a gammon occurs and twice the value
of the doubling cube is scored. (see Jacoby
Rule under “Cube Etiquette”)
the above occur and the loser has at least one piece remaining in the
bear-off board, a backgammon
occurs and three times the value of the cube is scored.
must be rolled from cups onto the player’s right hand side of the board. A player must ask permission to roll
onto the opponent’s side. In general, this permission should be granted.
die that rolls cocked, lands on a stone, rolls on the opponent’s side
without permission, or rolls outside the board shall cause both die to be
player’s move is sealed when he picks up his dice.
player may not roll his dice until this opponent’s dice are removed from
the board. Any such roll shall be considered invalid and both dice must be
direction of play (board set up) can be determined by mutual agreement of
the players or role of the dice. The
direction of play remains fixed for the duration of the match.
player may not change her move once her dice are removed from the table.
of misplays may be requested by the opposing player prior to the opposing
- Do not
move or touch your opponent’s stone under any circumstances.
- At the
start of match play the doubling cube is set to one side with the 64
facing up. This indicates the value of the game at one point.
cube is not in play until both players have rolled once.
cube must be offered prior to the player’s roll.
of an opponent’s offer indicates that the game will continue at twice the
previous value. A decline
terminates the game at the cube value prior to the offer.
player accepts an offer to double by picking up the cube and placing it on
their own side of the table. It
remains in sole possession of that player until a re-offer is proposed.
- Jacoby Rule. In tournament play
gammons or backgammons may not be scored unless the cube has been offered
- Crawford Rule. At the first match
point game the cube may not be used.
Gammons and backgammons count in the Crawford game.
any dispute or confusion occur raise your hand and call for the director. Neither person shall touch the dice,
stone, nor cube until the director arrives.
violation of the rules or persistent offensive behavior may result in
match forfeiture and removal from the tournament.